From Paul Krugman (January 1, 2015) from his post Twin Peaks Planet:
Look at a remarkable chart produced by Branko Milanovic (below) which shows that income growth since the fall of the Berlin Wall has been a “Twin Peaks” story. Incomes have soared at the top, as the world’s elite becomes ever richer. But there have also been huge gains for what we might call the global middle — largely consisting of the rising middle- classes of China and India. Now for the bad news: Between these twin peaks lies what we might call the "Valley of Despond". Incomes have grown slowly, if at all, for the advanced country working- classes.
For those who are still unaware, China has recently passed the U.S. to be the world's largest economy — and that's because corporate America has been offshoring jobs to China.
From Krugman’s readers:
What strikes me is our one-percenters are acting out of fear. You hear the unreasonable anxiety when anyone makes even the mildest criticism of their excesses. Their actions are like hoarders who only believe they can control their lives if they let nothing go — such as money or wealth going to someone else, as if it is "their" wealth being stolen from them. Yet, only when the wealth is equally accessible to all (with fair proportions according to effort and accomplishment) will we all be safe. And people with nothing to lose are the most dangerous of all.
The lack of income growth by the advanced economy working-classes (the US in particular) is simply a reversion to the "mean", following the aberration of the post-WWII era. The near total destruction of America's industrial competitors (and the brief threat of communism) drove the US (and then later, Japan and Western Europe under U.S. influence) to drive unskilled and semi-skilled wages and pensions to unsustainable levels.
Of course, that could go on only until competition from "emerging markets" and automation started bringing unskilled and semi-skilled wages back to the historical "norms".
Dr. Krugman (and many liberals) are enamored with the 1950s, 60s and 70s — and always write/talk as if that was the "natural" state of things. Those decades were a historical aberration, and are very unlikely to return.
There is no possible economical justification to pay an unskilled worker at, say, an UAW plant $75/hr (including benefits) as was the case in 2007, when hundreds of millions of workers are willing and capable to do the same work for less than 1/10th that. None.
Attempts to hang on to that simply caused the loss of 1 million UAW jobs, the bankruptcy of 2/3 of the auto industry, the movement of jobs to the non-union U.S.-South and Mexico. And it is the same in every industry that is open to competition.
The left can only delay the reversion to the mean, but it can't be stopped. The end scenario will always be the same. At best, maybe Chinese and American unskilled and semi-skilled workers will end up making about the same.
What has actually happened, and the chart reinforces it, is a massive redistribution of wealth and income from what used to be called the U.S. working class to so-called "emerging nations" — and of course, to the corporations and their political shills (who facilitated it).
This was sold to the public as "free trade" agreements, which would benefit everyone — or, so said the promoters of globalized capitalism. Well, it didn't work out that way. Living standards for most U.S. wage earners have been stagnant for decades, while the resulting increase in corporate profits went to a tiny elite — who, needless to say, also control our politics. Just to rub it in, they've been cutting their taxes down to where corporations now pay a whopping five percent of the tax load.
Yes, there is (and has been) class warfare going on. And it's all been directed at those who work for a living. With all benefits going to the corporate predators at the top of the heap. Why bother having a "government" if not to prevent this kind of financial predation by the wealthy and politically powerful?
One of the scarier parallels between our times and the 1930s is the tendency of nervous elites to reach for the club whenever anyone broaches the subject of "income inequality" — and more specifically, how we might address it via more progressive taxation and/or other strategies for redistributing wealth more directly to enhance the traction it needs to drive a broader and deeper economic recovery.
As in the 1930s, "capital" seems only too willing to throw in with Fascism or Fascist tendencies in order to thwart human progress in the name of preserving the petrified values and institutions of bygone centuries.
The economic journey we are on now clearly consists of an upside for people in other places that benefit from manufacturing relocation to their part of the world. That can be a bridge to a better future for everyone, if workers here are given new opportunities to earn enough income to keep buying what they no longer make themselves.
It starts with regarding your own citizens as possessors of inherent worth that is respected by constructing pathways out of the valley of despond, or repairing pathways that might exist. But these pathways are littered with pitfalls, like student loans that are meant to help prepare someone for the road ahead, but instead, drag them back down with finance charges that turn them into indentured servants.
The healthcare of our people demands the practice of preventive medicine, the medicine of available work at a decent wage that will lift the spirits of those who are desperately in need of a chance to rebuild their lives and raise their families with a faith that there can be a good future for anyone willing to try — even if they aren't part of the one percent.
Throughout the Great Recession, I've been very surprised that we haven't seen more civil strife -- especially in the Eurozone. For example, Spain has 50% youth unemployment with no end in sight. Here in the U.S. there are very few jobs and the jobs that exist are minimum wage with no benefits. We have people who are middle-aged with years of work experience who have no choice (because of age discrimination and lack of opportunity) but to take jobs working at Burger King.
Quite frankly, I've often wondered: Where are the protests — or even riots? There is only so much you can squeeze from people before they take to the streets. Or worse, begin turning to a guy in a brown shirt shouting from a balcony...
So the remedy, if there is one, is to move quickly from an old-fashioned manufacturing economy to a more sleek, highly educated and nimble-knowledge and service economy. Exceptions might exclude the manufacturing of highly technical products that require great skill and learning at all levels of design and production.
You would think, confronted by this obvious truth, that Republicans and Democrats alike would be clamoring for more and better education solutions for everybody — from nursery school to post-graduate. Instead, we see the Democrats backing off their historic championing of education and the Republicans apparently adopting (as their foundation stone) the promotion of ignorance for everybody but the elite that can afford private schools.
Maybe "The American Moment" is gone for good, and the qualities that helped us beat the world at everything in the 1950s are no longer relevant today.
In "Wealth and Democracy" Kevin Phillips points out that there is a feedback in economic distribution because as the rich get richer, they use their wealth to obtain even more power. They then use their power to get more wealth — and so on, and so on...
There seems to be a tipping point where this process becomes impossible to reverse. When inequality becomes unsustainable, the country soon goes down the tubes. Phillips gives several examples, e.g. the 18th century decline of the Dutch Republic; Chrystia Freeland used 14th century Venice to illustrate this process in a Times article (but history is replete with many other examples).
According to Phillips, the great success of America has been that, before the tipping point was reached, something had always happened that reversed the flow of money upwards, e.g. the rise of unions, FDR's reforms, etc. But will that ever happen again? In "Capital in the Twenty-First Century" by Thomas Piketty, one of the world's expert's on inequality thinks not.
And many predict that economic inequality will only escalate as technological change continues to accelerate exponentially and disrupt conventional economic models. Remember the results of the social upheaval that preceded WWI as a result of the economic disruptions caused by the industrial revolution? I expect there is a stronger parallel today than any of us would care to contemplate.
* Editor's Note: Regarding all the studies we've had on this subject, let me leave you with this: "Politicians use research findings the same way a drunk uses a lamppost: for support, not for illumination.” ~ Jared Bernstein, former economic advisor to Vice President Joe Biden.